Rivers are the most beautiful aspects of nature. It solves most of the water necessity. Rivers provide freshwater and that is essential for many purposes like drinking, washing and cleaning, etc. Without rivers, human life will come to an end. Many rivers start their journey in the rainy season or when snow or ice in the mountains starts melting. Rivers extend their range when other small streams combine them. Every river has a legend connected to it. Some are loved, considered goddesses and even maintained as nature’s wonder.
Rivers provide fresh Drinking water, It is an important source of food, Rivers are Fun we can do swimming and boating on a river, the rivers provide habitat for birds, frogs and Wildlife. The Rivers are the best place to watch the Birds.
Importance of rivers:
East flowing rivers of South India
Mahanadi river is one of the east-flowing rivers in south India. It rises from a spot close Amarkantak of the Mahakala Range and flows eastwards into Madhya Pradesh and Orissa to reach the Bay of Bengal. It makes quite a huge delta close its mouth, then passing for 842 kilometers. Sheonath, Baitarani and Brahmani, these three are Mahanadi most famous tributaries.
Godavari is the most famous river in South India. It is considered by various as the Ganga of the south extending for 1465 kilometers. The River extends from the Western Ghats close Nasik and drains eastwards into Maharashtra and then moves southward into Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Near Rajmundry, it divides into plenty of distributaries and after setting a high delta, It joins the Bay of Bengal.
The Krishna rises from the western ghats close Mahabaleshwar. Then it Flows 1400 kilometer into Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka continuously it flows into the Bay of Bengal to the south-east. Krishna has also created a huge delta at its entrance. The Tungabhadra and Bhima are the main streams. Amaravati and Vijayawada are the well-known towns on the bank of the Krishna.
The Cauvery begins from the Brahmagiri hills of the Western Ghats near Coorg of Karnataka and flows for 800 kilometers across the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu to drain toward the Bay of Bengal in the southeast. The Hemavati, Herangi, Amravati and Bhabani are the most popular tributaries. The leading Shiva-Samudram Waterfalls extend across this river. A huge delta has also been settled near its mouth. The Cauvery delta is very rich and identified as the granary of the south. Trichy and Kumbakonam are two major cities on the bank of this river
The Subarnarekha begins from the Chotanagpur elevation of Jharkhand and flows through the states of Jharkhand, West Bengal and Orissa for approximately 430 km to drain into the Bay of Bengal near the Balasore seashore of Orissa. The Hoodru waterfall in Ranchi is popular and extends across this river.
West flowing rivers of South India
The Narmada River is 1300 kilometers long and It rises from Amarkantak Peak of the Mahakala Range and flows through the rift valley in between the Vindhyas and the Satpura range towards the West and drains into the Gulf of Khambat. The river crosses into Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. It creates a gorgeous waterfall on the marble stones identified Dhuandhar a Bhedaghat in Jabalpur. Bharuch, a major town and harbour, stands on the river Narmada near its entrance.
The Tapi river is around 724 kilometers and the River begins near Multai city in the Mahadev Hills lying in Madhya Pradesh. It runs in a rift valley extending among the Satpura and Ajanta range towards the west. It reaches the Gulf of Khambat near Surat. Purna is the Tributary of Tapi. It does not make Delta.
Sabarmati is origins from the Aravalli range, drains into the Gulf of Khambat flowing over the semiarid regions of Rajasthan and Gujarat. The main portion of its basin occupies in Gujarat State.
The River Mahi is Rises from the Vindhya hills. First, it flows in Northwards then takes the southwestern area to meet the Gulf of Khambat. Maximum of its area occupies in the Gujarat state.
The Luni begins from Anasagar near Ajmeer and flows over the desert of Rajasthan towards the south-west. It joins within the Rann of Kachch.
Rivers play an important role in the development of a country and it has Many advantages like Drinking water source, Irrigation purpose, To produce electricity, flood control and Fishing purpose. Without rivers, human life will come to an end. So, Rivers are the backbone of human civilization.